Description : Eucalyptus globulus is a medium-sized evergreen woodland tree that can grow up to 60m. It is native to Australia. Mature woodland trees usually have extensive roots that are frequently deeply penetrating, but in plantations the roots are often more shallow. There is usually a single trunk, much branched. The lower bark is rough, grayish or brownish, the upper bark smooth, pale, and often with a bluish tinge, decorticating in long strips. The mature leaves are dark glossy green and firm. It bears fragrant white flowers as it matures.
Traditional uses : The Aborigines used all manner of natural plant remedies including parts of the eucalyptus tree, although precisely how they were utilized would vary from tribe to tribe. The antiseptic leaves were burned to fumigate the sick and the vapours inhaled for the relief of asthma, colds and fever. Infusions were taken internally for stomach upsets, and the fresh leaves were applied directly to ease joint pain and speed up the healing of cuts, wounds and infections. Early Australian settlers named E. globulus the ‘fever tree’ because of its efficacy in treating septic and typhoid fever.
As soon as this species of eucalyptus essential oil became available in Europe it was used to treat asthma, bronchitis, croup, fevers and febrile conditions, pulmonary tuberculosis, scarlet fever, sore throats, whooping-cough, and even diphtheria and typhoid. Eucalyptus oil was added to the British Pharmacopoeia where it still remains to this day.
|Refractive Index||:||1.459 at 30° C|