Foeniculum vulgare

Description : Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks.

It is a highly aromatic and flavorful herb with culinary and medicinal uses and, along with the similar-tasting anise, is one of the primary ingredients of absinthe. Florence fennel or finocchio is a selection with a swollen, bulb-like stem base that is used as a vegetable.

Uses : The bulb, foliage, and seeds of the fennel plant are used in many of the culinary traditions of the world. The small flowers of wild fennel (known as fennel “pollen” are the most potent form of fennel, but also the most expensive.Dried fennel seed is an aromatic, anise-flavored spice, brown or green in color when fresh, slowly turning a dull grey as the seed ages. For cooking, green seeds are optimal.The leaves are delicately flavored and similar in shape to those of dill. The bulb is a crisp vegetable that can be sautéed, stewed, braised, grilled, or eaten raw. Young tender leaves are used for garnishes, as a salad, to add flavor to salads, to flavor sauces to be served with puddings, and also in soups and fish sauce

Benefits :

  • Treats  Colic
  • Treats  Diarrhea
  • Prevents Anemia
  • Treats Indigestion
  • Removes Flatulence
  • Treats Constipation
  • Reduces Heart Diseases
  • Prevents Cancer
  • Regulates Blood Pressure
  • Improves Brain Function
  • Boosts Immunity
  • Regulates Menstruation
  • Promotes Breast Enlargement
  • Eye Care
  • Treats Respiratory Disorders

Medicinal Benefits : In Ayurveda, fennel seeds are used to treat coughs, colds, indigestion, abdominal pain, flatulence, colic and difficulty in urinating.

Fennel seeds is said to help reduce the symptoms of asthma. It helps to loosen congestion and helps against the hacking cough that accompanies bronchitis. Its mostly because of the presence of lineole and anetole. constituents which are expectorant in nature.

Fennel seed helps in ailments like rheumatism and arthritis, due to its anti­inflammatory nature. It increases milk flow in lactating mothers. As it is a good source of Iron, it helps in the treatment of Anemia. Due to its anti bacterial properties and disinfectant nature, it helps cure diarrhoea. It reduces inflammation in the stomach and facilitates absorption of nutrients in the food.

Essential Oil

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Foeniculum vulgare ( FENNEL )
DESCRIPTION Fennel is an aromatic and flavourful herb. It is a hardy plant with yellow flowers and feathery leaves.
NUTRITION A 100-gram portion of fennel seeds provides 1,440 kilojoules (345 kilocalories) of food energy, and it is a rich source of protein, dietary fiber, B vitamins and several dietary minerals
ORIGIN Fennel leaves are used in leafy green vegetables either by themselves or mixed with other vegetables
CHEMICAL BEHAVIOUR  It is a glucoside of the stilbene trimer cis-miyabenol C. It can be found in Foeniculi fructus
APPEARANCE It is a perennial herb. It is erect, glaucous green, and grows to heights of up to 2.5 m, with hollow stems.
PARTS OF THE PLANT USED   Stem, roots, oil, seeds and leaves of the plant are used for culinary and medical purposes.