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Herbs for Medicinal / Nutraceutical / Cosmetic / Oleoresins / Culinary / Natural Colors / applications
 
Herbs Applications
Medicinal / Nutraceutical uses of Herbs Herbs used as Natural Colors and Vegetable dyes
Herbs used in Topical / Cosmetic applications Phytochemicals derived from herbs and their uses
Herbs used in Oleoresins/Culinary purposes.
 
In India the use of Medicinal herbs is as old as 1500 BC. Underlying the medical culture of India both folk traditions as well as codified knowledge systems is a deep understanding of the medicinal value of the plants starting with the references in the Atharva veda, we have textual evidence of a tradition of use of medicinal plants that is more than three thousand years old.

It is estimated that about 80,000 species of plants are utilized by the different system of Indian medicine. The indigenous knowledge about plants and plant products is rather detailed and sophisticated and has evolved into a separate shashtra (branch of learning) itself, called Dravya Guna Shashtra. The codified traditions have about 25,000 plant drugs formulations that have emerged from such studies. In addition to this over 50,000 formulations are believed to be existing in the folk and tribal traditions. All these point to the deep passion for and exhaustive knowledge about medicinal plants that have existed in the land from time immemorial. The Vedas, epic poems contain rich material on the Herbal lore of that time.

Around 1500 B.C., Ayurveda was delineated into eight specific branches of medicine. There were two main schools of Ayurveda at that time, Atreya- the school of physicians; and Dhanvantari- the school of surgeons. These two schools made Ayurveda a more scientifically verifiable and classifiable medical system. Through research and testing, they dispelled the doubts of the more practical and scientific minded, removing the aura of mystery that surrounded the concept of Divine revelation. Consequently Ayurveda grew into a respected and widely used system of healing in India. People from numerous countries came to Indian Ayurvedic schools to learn about this world medicine in its completeness. Chinese, Tibetans, Greeks, Romans, Egyptians, Afghanistanis, Persians, and more traveled to learn the complete wisdom and bring it back to their own countries.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) more than 1 billion people rely on herbal medicines to some extent. The WHO has listed 21,000 plants have reported medicinal uses around the world. India has a rich medicinal plant flora of some 2500 species, of these, 2000 to 3000 at least 150 species are used commercially on a fairly large scale. Foreign researchers have always appreciated the traditional Indian healers.
 
Features
 
Medicinal / Nutraceutical uses of Herbs :

 

Botanical name/Part used Common name Use
Abies webbiana leaf Talispatra Carminative, expectorant
Abroma augusta root Ulatkambal Uterine tonic
Abrus precatorius seed Gunja Abortifacient
Abutilon indicum seed Kankati Aphrodisiac
Acacia arabica bark Babul Astringent
Acacia catechu gum Catechu Astringent
Acacia concinna pods Shikakai Detergent
Achillea millefolium seeds Gandana Stimulant, Tonic
Achyranthes aspera plant Apamarga Alterative, Diuretic
Aconitum heterophyllum plant Atis Antiperiodic, Aphrodisiac
Aconitum spp. root Bachnag Antipyretic
Acorus calamus rhizome Bach Antispasmodic
Adhatoda vasica leaf Adulsa Expectorant
Aegle marmelos leaf Bael Anti-diabetic
Aegle marmelos unripe fruit Bael Haemostatic, Anti-dysentery
Albizzia lebbeck bark Siris Anti-inflammatory
Allium cepa bulbs Onions Hypolipidemic Anticholesteremic
Allium sativum bulbs Garlic Antilipemic, Anticholesteremic Antirheumatic
Aloe vera leaf Ghrita kumari Purgative, Anti-cancer
Alpinia galanga rhizome Khulanjan In bronchial catarrhal
Alstonia scholaris bark Saptaparna Alterative, Stimulant
Anacyclus pyrethrum flowers Akarkara Stimulant, Sialogogue
Andrographis paniculata plant Kalmegh Hepatoprotectant, Anti-viral
Anethum sowa seed Suwa Carminative
Aphanamixis rohituka bark Rohitika Astringent
Apium graveolens seed Ajmod Carminative
Argyreia speciosa root Samudra palak Alterative, Tonic
Asparagus adscendens root Safed musli Tonic, Galactogogue
Asparagus racemosus root Shatavari Galactogogue, Aphrodisiac
Asphaltum Shilajit Detoxificant
Asteracantha longifolia herb Kuliakhara Antirheumatic
Atropa belladonna leaf Angurshefa Antispasmodic, Sedative
Atropa belladonna root Angurshefa Antispasmodic, Sedative
Azadirachta indica bark Neem Astringent
Azadirachta indica leaf Neem Blood purifier
Bacopa monnieri herb Nir brahmi Memory stimulant
Barleria prionitis herb Vajradanti In Glandular swelling, Toothache
Bauhinia variegata bark Kachnar Alterative, Tonic
Berberis aristata root Daru haridra Emmenagogue, Cholagogue
Bergenia ligulata root Pashanbheda In urinary calculi
Boerhaavia diffusa root Punarnava Diuretic
Boswellia serrata gum Shallaki Anti-arthritic
Butea frondosa flowers Palas Astringent
Caesalpinia bonducella nut Fevernut Antipyretic
Calotropis gigantea root Ak Emetic, Antiperiodic
Camellia sinensis Green tea Anti-oxidant
Capparis spinosa root Kabra Analgesic, Antirheumatic
Capsicum spp. fruit Lalmirch Antirheumatic
Cassia angustifolia leaf Senna Laxative
Cassia angustifolia pods Senna Laxative
Cassia fistula fruit Amaltas Laxative
Cassia occidentalis fruit Kasondi Purgative
Cedrus deodara wood Deodar Antirheumatic
Celastrus paniculatus seed Malkangni Antirheumatic
Centella asiatica Mandukparni Leprostatic, Memory tonic
Cephaelis ipecacuanha root Ipecac Emetic
Cephalandra indica leaf Bimba Anti-diabetic
Cicer arietinum seeds Chana Nutritive
Cichorium intybus seeds Kasni In enlarged spleen
Cinchona ledgeriana bark Cinchona Anti-malarial
Cissus quadrangularis stem Hadjora Bone healing
Citrullus colocynthis fruit Indrayan Purgative
Citrullus colocynthis root Indrayan Purgative, Antirheumatic
Citrus aurantium peel Common orange Anti-oxidant
Citrus medica peel Bijaura/Citron Anti-scurvy
Colchicum luteum corms Suranjane For gout
Coleus forskohlii root Coleus cAMP stimulator, Hypotensive.
Commiphora mukul gum Guggul Antarthritic, Antilipemic, Anticholesteremic
Commiphora myrrha gum Myrrh Mouth wash, Astringent
Coriandrum sativum seeds Dhania Carminative
Crataeva nurvala bark Varuna Lithotriptic
Cucumis sativus seeds Khira Diuretic
Cuminum cyminum fruit Zeera Carminative, Stimulant
Curcuma amada rhizome Amba haldi Carminative, Stomachic
Curcuma longa rhizome Turmeric Anti-inflammatory
Curculigo orchioides root Kali musli Tonic
Cynodon dactylon herb Dhub Astringent
Cyperus scariosus root Nagarmotha Intestinal disorders
DGL Liquorice Anti-ulcer, Antacid
Dashmool Combination Antirheumatic
Datura stramonium leaf Dhattura Antispasmodic
Daucus carota seed Carrot Abortifacient
Dolichos biflorus seeds Kulthi Diuretic
Eclipta alba plant Bhringaraj Anti-hepatotoxic
Embelia ribes seed Vidanga Anthelmintic
Emblica officinalis fruit Amla Anti-oxidant, Tonic
Enicostemma littorale herb Mamijava Bitter tonic, Laxative
Ephedra vulgaris herb Somlata Stimulant
Eugenia jambolana seed Jamun Anti-diabetic
Euphorbia hirta herb Dudhi Antispasmodic
Evolvulus alsinoides plant Shankhapushpi Memory tonic
Ferula foetida resin Hing Carminative, Stimulant
Ficus racemosa leaf Gular Astringent
Ficus racemosa bark Gular Astringent
Foeniculum vulgare fruit Saunf Carminative
Fumaria Officinalis herb Pit papara Diuretic, Anthelmintic
Garcinia cambogia rind Vilayti imli Antiobesity
Glycyrrhzia glabra root Jati Madh Expectorant, Diuretic
Gossypium herbaceum root Kapas/Cotton Emmenagogue,Galactagogue
Gymnema slyvestre leaf Gudmar Antidiabetic, Diuretic
Hemidesmus indicus root Anantamul Diaphoretic, Demulcent
Holarrhena antidysenterica seed Indrajav Antidysenteric, Febrifuge
Holarrhena antidysenterica bark Kurchi Antidysenteric, Anthelmintic
Hydrastis Indian root Golden seal Emmenagogue
Hyoscyamus niger herb Khorasani ajowan Antispasmodic, Sedative
Hypericum perforatum herb St. John’s Wort Anti-depressant
Indigofera tinctoria plant Neel Antiseptic, Astringent
Inula racemosa root Pushkarmool Antirheumatic, In chronic bronchitis
Juglans regia bark Akhrot Astringent, Antiseptic
Lawsonia alba leaf Henna Astringent, Anti-inflammatory
Leptadenia reticulata herb Jivanti Spermatogenic, Galactagogue
Lobelia nicotianaefolia leaf Lobelia Antispasmodic
Mangifera indica bark Mango/Am Astringent
Matricaria chamomilla flower Chamomile Antiseptic
Mentha spicata Pudina Carminative, Stimulant
Mesua ferrea fruit & flower bud Nagkesar Astringent, Carminative
Mimusops elegni bark Bakul Astringent
Momordica charantia fruit Karela Anti-diabetic
Morinda citrifolia fruit Noni Stimulant
Moringa oleifera bark Soanjna Emmenagogue, Abortifacient
Moringa oleifera leaf Soanjna Anti- Inflammatory
Mucuna pruriens seeds Kawanch Antiparkinsonian
Myrica nagi bark Kaiphal Astringent, Carminative
Myristica fragrans fruit Jaiphal Stimulant, Carminative
Nardostachys jatamansi root Jatamansi Sedative
Nelumbo nucifera seed Kamala Stimulant
Nigella sativa seed Kalonji Anthelmintic, Carminative
Nyctanthes arbortristis leaf Harsinghar Antirheumatic, Anthelmintic
Ocimum basilicumleaf Sweet basil Stimulant, Aphrodisiac
Ocimum sanctum herb/leaf Holy basil/Tulsi Stimulant, Immunomodulator
Oldenlandia corymbosa plant Khet papra Liver tonic, Febrifuge
Onosma echioides root Ratanjot In skin eruptions
Operculina turpethum root Nisoth Purgative
Opuntia dillenii herb Vidara Antispasmodic
Orchis mascula tubers Salep misri Aphrodisiac, Tonic
Phyllanthus niruri herb Bhui amla Anti-hepatotoxic
Picrorhiza kurrooa root Kutki Anti-hepatotoxic, Tonic
Piper cubeba fruit Kabab chini Stimulant, Carminative
Piper longum fruit Pippali Carminative, Stimulant
Piper nigrum fruit Kalimirch Carminative, Antiperiodic
Pistacia integerrima galls Kakrashingi In bronchitis
Plumbago indica root Chitrakmool In skin diseases
Podophyllum emodi rhizome Nirbash Strong purgative
Polygala chinensis root Senaga Indian Antipyretic, Dizziness
Pongamia glabra seed Karanj Skin disease
Prunus serotina bark Wild cherry Astringent
Psoralea corylifolia seed Babchi Antipsoriatic
Pterocarpus marsupium wood Bijasar Anti-diabetic
Pterocarpus santalinus bark Red sandal wood Astringent, Antidiarrheal
Pueraria tuberosa root Bidarikand Demulcent, Tonic
Punica granatum rind Anar Antioxidant
Putranjiva roxburghii berries Putranjiva Antipyretic
Pyrus malus fruit Apple Nutritive, Natural source of Iron
Quercus infectoria galls Majuphal Astringent
Randia dumetorum fruit Mainphal Antioxidant, Liver protectant
Rauwolfia serpentina root Sarpgandha Hypotensive
Rheum emodi root Rhubarb Blood purifier, Liver protectant
Ricinus communis leaf Arand In jaundice, Anti-Inflammatory
Ricinus communis root Arand Purgative
Rubia Cordifolia root Manjistha In skin disease
Salacia reticulata root Koranti Antirheumatic, In skin disease
Santalum album wood Sandal wood Coolant, Anti-bacterial.
Sapindus trifoliatus fruit cortex Ritha Detergent
Saraca indica bark Ashoka Urinary tonic
Saussurea lappa root Kuth Antispasmodic, Carminative
Semecarpus anacardium kernal Godambi Antiseptic
Sida cordifolia root Bala Stimulant
Silybum marianum seeds Milk thistle Hepatoprotectant
Solanum nigrum berries Makoi Expectorant, Liver tonic
Solanum xanthocarpum plant Kantakari Expectorant, Tonic
Spinacia oleracea leaves Spinach Antioxidant
Strychnos nux vomica seeds Kuchla Tonic, Aphrodisiac
Swertia chirata plant Chireta Anti-diabetic
Symplocos racemosa bark Lodhra Urinary tonic
Taraxacum officinale herb Kanphul Hepatic stimulant.
Tecomella undulata bark Rohu Astringent
Tephrosia purpurea plant Sarphunkha Antioxidant
Terminalia arjuna bark Arjuna Cardio vascular support, Antiarrhythemic
Terminalia belerica fruit Bahera Detoxificant
Terminalia chebula fruit Harir Detoxificant
Tinospora cordifolia root Guduchi Febrifuge
Trachyspermum ammi fruit Ajowan Carminative
Tribulus terrestris fruit Gokhru Spermatogenic, Ovogenesis stimulator
Trichosanthes dioica leaf Patol patra Anti-diabetic
Trigonella foenum-graecum seed Methi Antilipemic, Anticholesteremic
Trikatu Combination Increases bioavailability of drugs
Triphala Combination Detoxificant
Triticum sativum bran Wheat bran Nutritive
Triticum sativum germ Wheat germ For skin disease
Tylophora indica leaf Antamul Anti-asthmatic
Urginea indica bulbs Indian Scilla Cardiac stimulant, Diuretic
Valeriana wallichii root Tagar Sedative
Viburnum spp. bark Narvel Uterine tonic, Emmenagogue
Viola odorata flowers Gul banafsha Astringent, Diaphoretic
Vitex negundo leaf Nirgundi Vermifuge, Antirheumatic
Vitis vinifera fruit/seed Draksha Antioxidant
Wedelia calendulacea herb Bhangra Liver tonic
Withania somnifera root Ashwagandha Immunomodulator, Antioxidant
Woodfordia floribunda flowers Dhai-phul For leukorrhea
Zingiber officinale rhizome Ginger Antiarthritic, Antinauseant
 
Herbs used in Topical / Cosmetic applications :
 
Botanical name/Part used Common name Use
Acacia concinna pods Shikakai Shampoo’s, Soaps
Acorus calamus rhizome Sweet flag Aromatic, Dusting powders, Skin lotions
Allium sativum bulbs Garlic Promotes skin healing
Aloe vera leaf Aloe Radio-protective, Moisturizer, Sun screen
Alpinia galanga rhizome Galanga Aromatic, In Dusting powders
Avena sativa fruit Oat Skin tonic/Moisturizer
Azadirachta indica leaves Neem Toothpastes, Soaps, Shampoo’s
Balsamodendron myrrha gum Myrrh Soaps/Shampoo’s
Calendula officinalis flowers Marigold Promotes skin care
Cedrus deodara wood Deodar Shampoo’s/Soaps
Centella asiatica plant Gotu kola Wound healing
Cichorium intybus seed Chicory Relieves sore eyes/ Clears skin of blemishes
Citrus aurantium peel Orange Skin creams, Soaps, Shampoo’s.
Citrus limon peel Lemon Heals skin, Prevents hair loss.
Coriandrum sativum seed Coriander Anti-inflammatory
Crocus sativus stigma Saffron Post bath massage
Curcuma longa rhizome Turmeric Skin creams & lotions, Anti- bacterial
Curcuma zedoaria rhizome Zedoary Anti-bacterial, Aromatic
Daucus carota seeds Carrot Natural source of Vit. A
Eclipta alba plant Bhringraj Shampoo’s
Glycyrrhiza glabra root Liquorice Anti-inflammatory
Hedychium spicatum rhizome Kapurkachri Hair oils
Hibiscus rosa sinensis flowers China rose Shampoo’s
Iris florentina root Orris Additive to dusting powders
Lawsonia alba leaves Henna In Shampoo’s
Matricaria chamomilla flowers Chamomile Hair tonic/ Relieves sore limbs
Moringa oleifera seed Benjamin Hair oils, Suntan lotion
Prunus serotina bark Wild cherry bark In shampoo’s
Pterocarpus santalinus bark Red sandalwood In skin creams.
Rubia cordifoliaroot Manjistha Wound healing
Santalum album Sandal wood In skin lotion’s
Sapindus trifoliatus fruit cortex Soap wort Natural detergent
Triticum sativum germ Wheat germ Skin lotions, A natural source of Vit E
 
Herbs used in Oleoresins/Culinary purposes :
 
Botanical name/Part used Common name
Allium cepa bulb Onions
Allium sativum bulb Garlic
Apium graveolens seed Celery
Brassica spp. seed Mustard
Capsicum spp. fruit Capsicum
Cinnamomum tamala leaf Cassia
Cinnamomum zeylanicum bark Cinnamon
Coriandrum sativum seed Coriander
Cuminum cyminum seed Cumin
Curcuma longa rhizome Turmeric
Elettaria cardamomum fruit Cardamom
Ferula foetida exudate Asafoetida
Foeniculum vulgare seed Fennel
Murraya koenigii leaf Curry leaf
Myristica fragrans mace/plant Mace/Nutmeg
Nigella sativa seed Kalongi
Ocimum basilicum leaf Sweet basil
Ocimum sanctum leaf Holy basil
Piper nigrum seed Black pepper
Syzygium aromaticum bud Clove
Trachyspermum ammi seed Ajmod
Trigonella foenum-graecum seed Fenugreek
Zingiber officinale rhizome Ginger
 
Herbs used as Natural Colors and Vegetable dyes :
 
Botanical name/Part used Common name Use Color
Bixa orellana Annatto Natural food color, In textiles, Cosmetics Pharmaceuticals Red/ Orange
Curcuma longa Turmeric Natural food color, In textiles, Cosmetics Pharmaceuticals Yellow, Orange
Caesalpinia sappan Patang Natural food color, In textiles, Cosmetics, Pharmaceuticals. Red, Violet, Pink
Pterocarpus santalinus Red sandal wood Natural food color, In textiles, Cosmetics, Pharmaceuticals Red, Pink
 
Phytochemicals derived from herbs and their uses :
 
Podophyllotoxin Anti-cancer precursor
Oleonolic acid Antioxidant
Curcumin Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory
Reserpine Hypotensive
Monoammonium glycyrrhizinate Sweetner
Sodium glycyrrhizinate Water soluble sweetner
18 b-Glycyrrhitinic acid Anti-inflammatory
 
 
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Email: pionlace@vsnl.com / pioneerherbal@yahoo.com
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Disclaimer : The information contained herein is accurate to the best knowledge and belief of Pioneer Enterprise, and specification quoted may change without prior notice. Information contained in this technical literature is believed to be accurate and is offered in good faith for the benefit of the customer.
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