Description : Aegle Marmelos ( BAEL ) which grows up to a height of 7.5 meters. It has sharp spines on its branches, large leaves and greenish-white, sweet smelling flowers. Ripe fruits of this tree are green-white and sub-spherical having a woody and tough outer coat. The roots are large, woody and often curved. The bark of the tree is light grey and corky.
Uses : Various parts of the tree are used for its curative, pesticidal and nutritive properties. Fresh half ripe Bael fruit is mildly astringent and used to cure dysentery, diarrhoea, hepatitis, tuberculosis, dyspepsia and good for heart and brain. Roots have antidiarrhoetic, antidote to snake venom, anti-inflammatory and wound healing properties. The Bael fruit is one of the most nutritious fruits, rich in riboflavin and used for the preparation of a number of products like candy, squash, toffee, slab, pulp powder and nectar. The leaves and seed oil have pesticidal properties.
Medicinal Uses :
- Bael is bitter and acrid. It stimulates production of bile
- It is a restorative and increases body’s resistance and immunity.
- Bael improves digestion
- Ripened fruits are used in the preparation of a drink (Sharbhat)
- Bael powder is also used for medicinal purpose
- The leaves of the Bael plant are used in Ayurvedic medicine to cure and control diabetes. The juice is extracted from the leaves and taken every day morning on empty stomach. It is said that it controls the blood sugar levels and bring it to normal levels in about a month.
- The fruits are used to control diarrhea. The unripe fruits are collected and the pulp is dried and powdered. The dry powder if taken with water or fresh curd three times a day will control diarrhea.
- Bael extracts are also used to control cholesterol and blood urea.
- Bael is also useful in relieving constipation. Regular use of Bael extract or powder prevents constipation.
- Fresh Bael leaves extract mixed with honey and taken can cure stomach pais and constipation.
- The paste of the leaves is said to relieve joint pains and swellings if used as a poultice.